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Pennsylvania’s Unemployment Rate Remains at Record Low 3.4% in October


Contact: Trevor Monk,

State unemployment rate below U.S. rate for third consecutive month

Harrisburg, PA – The Pennsylvania Department of Labor & Industry (L&I) today released its preliminary employment situation report for October 2023.

Pennsylvania's unemployment rate was unchanged over the month, remaining at the record low of 3.4% in October (records date back to January 1976). The U.S. unemployment rate was up one-tenth of a percentage point from September to 3.9%. The Commonwealth's unemployment rate was one full percentage point below its October 2022 level of 4.4%, while the national rate was up two-tenths of a percentage point over the year.

Pennsylvania's civilian labor force – the estimated number of residents working or looking for work – was up 2,000 over the month due to gains of 1,000 in both resident employment and unemployment. 

Pennsylvania's total nonfarm jobs were down 4,700 over the month to 6,168,100. Jobs increased from September in six of the 11 industry supersectors with the largest gain in education & health services (+2,300), which rose to a record high.

Over the year, total nonfarm jobs were up 129,200 with gains in 10 of the 11 supersectors. Education & health services (+48,100) had the largest volume over-the-year gain among supersectors.

Additional information is available on the L&I website at or by following us on FacebookTwitter, and LinkedIn.

Current Labor Force Statistics
Seasonally Adjusted
(in thousands)
    Change fromChange from
 OctoberSeptemberOctoberSeptember 2023October 2022
Civilian Labor Force6,4996,4976,47920.0%200.3%
Civilian Labor Force167,728167,929164,646-201-0.1%3,0821.9%
Note: November 2023 labor force and nonfarm jobs statistics will be released on December 22nd, 2023.

Pennsylvania Nonagricultural Wage and Salary Employment
Seasonally Adjusted
(in thousands)
Change fromChange from
OctoberSeptemberOctoberSeptember 2023October 2022
Total Nonfarm Jobs6,168.16,172.86,038.9-4.7-0.1%129.22.1%
Goods Producing Industries853.2857.0846.6-3.8-0.4%6.60.8%
  Mining & Logging23.323.423.1-0.1-0.4%0.20.9%
Service Providing Industries5,314.95,315.85,192.3-0.90.0%122.62.4%
  Trade, Transportation & Utilities1,163.61,165.01,150.8-1.4-0.1%12.81.1%
  Financial Activities341.7340.5336.31.20.4%5.41.6%
  Professional & Business Services864.2872.2847.9-8.0-0.9%16.31.9%
  Education & Health Services1,332.21,329.91,
  Leisure & Hospitality567.4565.3545.22.10.4%22.24.1%
  Other Services261.3259.8252.51.50.6%8.83.5%
For a more detailed breakdown of seasonally adjusted jobs data at the sector level, please contact the Center for Workforce Information & Analysis at 1-877-4WF-DATA, or visit
Note: November 2023 labor force and nonfarm jobs statistics will be released on December 22nd, 2023.

Note: The above data are seasonally adjusted. Seasonally adjusted data provide the most valid month-to-month comparison. October data are preliminary and subject to revision.

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